Write an opinion: In 4 steps to the perfect text

The statement is a text in which you have to take a position on a certain topic and underpin your opinion with different arguments. Since an opinion must be written not only in the upper grades, but also in many later life situations such as a car accident, in the job or in a lawsuit from you, here are some tips on how you relate best position.

When writing an opinion, the main thing is to inform another party about your position or your position on a specific topic. On the other hand, it is also the goal to convince your counterpart from your point of view. So it is important that you argue as clearly and logically as possible and make clear to your counterpart or the reader why your opinion is the better. The statement may also be written in several forms, such as the letter to the editor, the commentary, a complaint or a request.

Building an opinion

Before writing, you should first make it clear in which context your opinion should appear and which addressee you have. Should this go to one person or are several parties involved? For example, does an expert or solicitor read your opinion, or is the opinion important to a large readership, as in a letter to an article?

The second step in the preparation process is to make you understand your point of view. Think well and develop your opinion in the form of a thesis that you want to and can represent.

Then you should make yourself a fabric collection and collect ideas. For a text like a newspaper article, you should read this text well. Also with other topics a detailed discussion with the topic is important. For example, at this point, you might start to think about your arguments, which you then elaborate on later in the body of the statement and build on each other according to strength and logic. As a guideline, you should have set at least three arguments for yourself to which you refer.

Checklist:

  • Have I read and penetrated the text often enough?
  • Is my main thesis clear to me?
  • Did I collect at least three arguments?
  • Did I structure the text and take notes?
  • Initiate the opinion

In the introductory part of the statement, what happens in most formal and informal texts happens. With an introductory sentence you first describe your concern. The introductory sentence usually answers the classical W-questions. Who wrote the text? When was the text written? What exactly is the topic of the text? Where was the article published? What is the title of the text? What type of text is available? Moreover, at the beginning of the text, you go on to say that you want to comment on a certain text or fact and, in outline, your argumentation structure and your opinion on the thesis are already torn. In short, you’re talking about who refers to which topic and why position. In the next step you clarify your thesis, which you will argue in the following main section.

Checklist:

  • Did I answer all questions?
  • Have I already gone into my thesis?
  • Have I made clear what I am referring to?
  • I’ve made my thesis clear.

Body of opinion write

The main part is the centerpiece of your opinion. Here you write in detail your arguments and represent your thesis. As you write, make sure that you enter with the weakest argument and work your way through to the strongest argument. For the length of a text, the guideline is that three arguments are usually a good set. Of course, you can also write more or less, but then there is a risk that your reasoning seems either too thin or low, or that you are overwhelming the reader with your opinion. Three clearly structured and understandable arguments are normally sufficient. To sort out the arguments and to understand better here is an overview of different types of arguments.

Facts argument

As the name implies, in order to substantiate your argument, you provide infallible facts. This form of argument is a particularly strong way of expressing your opinion and could end up in the statement. The fact-argument is so strong because it can not be refuted, since an irrefutable fact is taken as the support of the argument.

Example: It takes more energy to climb the Eiffel Tower than to climb the Cologne Cathedral, because the Eiffel Tower is almost twice as high.

Authoritarian argument

The authoritarian argument is not as strong as the fact argument, but it can still be very convincing. Here you can use the trick to support your argument with the statement of a certain recognized authority. The more recognized or respected the reference is, the stronger the argument appears. However, you should make sure that the authority used by you is also recognized by the recipient of your opinion as an authority.

Example: According to the Consumer Center, certain craft businesses are not recommended.

Indirect argument

The indirect argument can be a very clever trick of yours to circumvent an opponent’s argument. Because that’s exactly what you’re doing here. You pick up some of the argument or the text and invalidate it with your own argument. This allows your argument to have a relatively large force.

Example: Many educators claim that comics destroy the ability to read a text. But the fact is that, according to many scientists, comics often facilitate learning.

Normative argument

This argument also belongs to a relatively strong sort, since here you resort to normative ideas as support for your argumentation. Here too, as with the authoritarian argument, the effectiveness of such an argument also depends on recipients’ acceptance of the cited standard as such.

Example: Respecting the freedom of the press is one of the fundamental values ​​of a free and enlightened society.

plausibility argument

This form of argument is also relatively strong, but is not fact-based, so you need to be careful here, as you put it. The basic idea is that you underpin your argument with a statement that seems plausible and logical to the other person or the readers of the statement.

Example: I always start my working day with the demanding tasks, because I’m still much fitter and more efficient in the morning than after five hours of work.

The different types of arguments give you an overview of how you can build arguments and, above all, sort them by strength. In the end, of course, whenever possible, there should be a factual argument. It is best if you collect almost only fact-arguments.

Checklist:
  • Have I adequately substantiated and supported the arguments?
  • Have I built the arguments for strength and logical succession?
  • Have I saved the strongest argument for the end?
  • Is my strongest argument a fact argument?
  • Write conclusion of opinion

At the end of the text, the whole statement is briefly summarized again. So you go back to the initial thesis and rips again one or the other argument. Finally, write down suggestions on how a solution to a problem might look like or how you would do it differently.

Checklist:
  • Did I briefly summarize the opinion?
  • Did I pick up one or two arguments again?
  • Did I describe a good solution to the problem?